David Losada Gacio

How to remove moisture from your home: Part 2 of 2 - Extractor fan

Ventilation hole and probe finish
The automatic ventilation system finished and working

As we indicated in the previous post, in this one we will talk about the positioning of the extractor and details to be taken into account for the system to work properly.

It is possible to extract moisture directly by placing an opening to the outside in the lowest part and placing the fan directly (the coldest and most humid air tends to be in the lower part of the room), but in my case, being a ground floor in contact with the mountainside, I had to bring the humid air from below to the top, so I used 90 mm diameter PVC pipe, with a fan connected to it in the lower part.

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How to remove damp from your home or premises: Part 1 of 2 - Arduino

Moisture extraction tube and external sensor

In this tutorial we will explain how to dehumidify a room in two steps; first we will detail the preparation and programming of the Arduino board. with which, by means of a relay and two inexpensive DHT11 sensors, we will control a small fan that will do all the work, checking temperatures and humidity. Then, in a second entry, we'll get our hands dirty by drilling holes in the wall and placing a PVC pipe with the fan connected to the Arduino. to extract the colder and more humid air from the lower part of the room, as well as placing the humidity sensors and the box with the Arduino, power supply, etc. I hope you enjoy reading it as much as I have enjoyed installing it; it has been a success; the humidity in a storage room that is in contact with the ground has dropped in one day from 90% to 70% saturation (while in the street there was a 65%).

Introduction and preparations

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Build your own decorative homemade multi-focus LED lamp

LED lamp
Multi-focus homemade LED lamp

With LED technology becoming cheaper, as we saw earlier when we built a practical LED lantern and transformed an old lantern into an LED lantern, and lamps becoming more affordable, we can build a homemade energy-saving multi-focus LED lamp with very little money, around 30€.. And safe, as it will work at 12V. To do this we will recycle an old transformer used in 12V halogen lamps, but any transformer will do. to convert from mains voltage (in my case 220/240V) to 12V AC. (alternating current, but also DC direct current).

 ATTENTIONAlthough this handicraft is safe as it works with 12V, great care must be taken when connecting the transformer to the mains.observe proper safety precautions (insulated tool, gloves, or remove the light and use a torch in this task are some options) to avoid receiving an electric shock.

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Turn your traditional torch into an LED torch

Turn your traditional torch into an LED torch 1
Cegasa 1040 torch with LED switched light 1W

We all have at home any torch using conventional lamps incandescent filament lamps, which consume an enormous amount of batteries and also provide little light.

While filament bulbs produce around 14 lumens per watt, LED technology now produces 100 lumens per watt (and up to 160 lumens in the best Cree LEDs, improving year on year), as well as having a much longer estimated life.

Although torches with the much more efficient LED lighting are already on sale, we can modify an old lantern and have fun and learn along the way, by replacing your incandescent lamp with one or more LEDs. ...

How to build your own high-powered homemade LED torch

The final result
LED home torch 900 lumens

There are on the market powerful LED torches (+10W), but their price makes them inaccessible to most people; in this post we will use our imagination to build a powerful and energy efficient LED torch for less than 15€.

We will only need the LED, a computer heatsink, a battery holder (optional) and a switch to have a basic but useful torch. ...

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