One of the most popular alternatives among alternative fuels is undoubtedly the biogas. Next, we will look at how to make a homemade biogas digester The fact is that it is quite simple to do and does not require large quantities of implements.
- A cylindrical or square container with a lid that can be placed outdoors, preferably made of concrete but can be made of plastic or metal.
- Organic waste, such as straw, wilted leaves, vegetable peelings, vegetables and manure.
- PVC or metal pipe.
- Fluid control valve (as used in water intakes or sink taps).
- Silicone sealant.
How to set up our biogas digester
The assembly of the biogas digester is quite simple, first we place our container in the open air and prepare our lid, so that it can be used as a kind of dosing device for the biogas that we are going to create. To do this, we open a hole in the centre of the lid with a diameter equal to the diameter of the tube we are going to use, remember that the smaller the diameter of the tube the better.
Once the hole has been made, insert the tube through the hole, leaving about 5 cm at the bottom of the lid so that the tube can be inserted through the hole. biogas Once the pipe is dry, we fix the pipe with sealant, and we put another layer of sealant on the edges of the cap around the pipe to avoid gas leaks. Once the sealant is dry and the tube is fixed, we place the dosing valve at one end of the tube, through this valve we will extract our gas. biogas.
Now it's time to put our homemade biogas digester. Place a considerable amount of wet organic waste in the container, approximately 3/4 of the container's capacity, and leave it uncovered in the open for about 10 days, stirring it daily with a trowel or a stick.
Once the 10 days are up, it's time to put our biogas digester. To do this, we place water inside the holes or channels where the lid will go, in this way, we will create a water seal and prevent the water from escaping. biogas. Then, we close the valve and put the lid on. Once the lid is on and sealed with water, we must wait about 10 more days. Once this time has elapsed, we are ready to use our biogas for about 40 days for heating water or for cooking.
How it works
Organic compounds within the biogas digester home decompose in the presence of moisture and in the absence of oxygen (anaerobic fermentation). The residue of this fermentation is methane gas (biogas), a fuel commonly used in domestic kitchens around the world and which can be used for a variety of purposes.