Homemade experiments for science fairs traditionally feature at least one volcano. Such volcanoes are made with baking soda and vinegar. Today, we will see how to make a volcano at home The new, more realistic eruption, i.e. with fire, is a surprising variant that is sure to turn heads in your science project.
- Cardboard cylinder (the kind used for paper towels).
- Cardboard dish or plate.
- Large piece of cardboard.
- A box of matches.
- Adhesive tape.
Assembling our volcano
First of all, we must be very careful when working with fire. Preferably, when performing this experiment we should stay away from flammable sources or material that can easily ignite, in order to avoid a fire.
The first step in realising our volcanoTo remove all the heads from the matches with the help of a pair of scissors and place them in a container or in the same matchbox. Once we have finished removing all the heads from the matches, it is time to take the next step.
Now, on the piece of cardboard, we draw one of the sides of the cylinder and with the help of scissors we cut out this circle and fix it to one of the sides of the cylinder, using adhesive tape, making sure that there are no leaks or holes, using plenty of adhesive tape.
The next step is to place our cylinder on a cardboard plate or dish, thus stabilising the volcano and creating a sort of primary protection in case the cardboard cylinder falls over.
Now, it is time to perform our experiment. We empty the match heads (matches) into the cardboard cylinder, making sure that all of them are inside the cylinder. Next, we light a match, drop it into the cylinder and we will see the eruption of our match. volcano.
How this volcano works
The sudden combustion of the phosphorous heads (matches) releases heat and light energy which, not being able to expand because it is encapsulated within a surface, is forced to escape through the opening of the cylinder, offering a brief but very colourful pyrotechnic spectacle which resembles the eruption of a volcano.