In another article in this blog we explain how to make compost heaps. This technique is more suitable for large areas of land. On the other hand, if you have a more modest garden, in this article we will talk about how to make compost in silosi.e. by stacking them on boards or in wooden boxes. However, we recommend that you visit the article mentioned above because we have already given you some tips that will also be useful for making compost in silos.
What do you need?
The material for making compost in silos is all kinds of organic matter, just like in the compost heap. You also need wood, or even plastic or metal to make the silo.
The elements to be decomposed should be placed in a silo, which can be vertical, round or square, with open sides and openwork for aeration. It is very important that the materials are aerated for proper decomposition.
There will be an opening underneath the silo. This way, you fill it from the top with the material, and when the decomposition process has been successfully completed, you take it out from the bottom. As you empty the silo from the bottom, you can continue to fill it from the top, creating a cycle.
Note that if decomposition does not start after a few days or weeks, the pile needs to be rebuilt, or turned over. The main cause is usually lack of water or excess moisture. It is well known that extremes are never good.
Types of compost and their uses
In the article on compost heaps we mentioned that the decomposition process usually takes weeks to several months, depending on the season. Let's take a closer look at the types of compost depending on the duration of the decomposition.
On the one hand we have the mature compostwhich is the most decomposed. It can be used for all kinds of plants and crops. But to take advantage of the long process, we recommend that you use it to fertilise crops that do not tolerate fresher compost such as beetroot, lettuce, onions, carrots, garlic, etc. Mature compost is also preferable for use in seedbeds.
On the other hand, the young compost is less decomposed because the process has been shorter. Use it only on crops that can tolerate this type of fertiliser. To do this, be well informed. Fertiliser is very important, and if it is not the right fertiliser, forget about seeing the seeds you have planted grow. Some of the crops that can withstand compost The youngest vegetables are potatoes, tomatoes, maize, cucumbers and squash. You can also apply it to the soil after harvesting, because it is very revitalising and its microbial activity "restarts" the soil that has been robbed of its nutrients by the vegetables.