How to take a photograph with an SLR camera

It is no longer enough to have a compact digital camera. The craze for digital cameras has increased the love affair with the photographycheaper and easier to use than the analogue cameras. At least the results are instantly visible. And fashion has made the leap to reflex cameras. Today we will give you some simple notions for taking a photograph with an SLR camera.

SLR camera.

From the compact camera we have moved on to the reflex camera. In the past, whoever had one was a professional. Not any more. We come across a thousand tourists a day with one of these "little machines" which shoot photographs... of higher quality? If we know how to use them, yes. If not, we'd better use a compact so as not to waste the capacity of a compact. reflex cameraWhat is the point of such an expensive camera if every day we see how many people are making photographs with flash on a cloudy but bright day? How to take a good digital photograph? Take note of the following tips:

Shutter speed. This refers to the time it takes for the shutter to release the photography. The lower the number, the longer it takes, and that means it lets more light through. The darker it is, the lower the number should be. But it is not that easy. Keep in mind that if the camera takes a second to take a picture, it will be blurred if you hold it in your hand. No one has such a perfect hand as to be able to remain absolutely still for a whole second, that's what tripods are for. At any given moment, we can also rest the camera on any still place: a wall, a table, etc.

DiaphragmHave you ever noticed that sometimes when we take a photograph or in a video a kind of octagon appears when shooting towards a light source? That is the shape of the diaphragm. It is nothing more than "the eye of the camera", or the "eyelid", so to speak. It is represented by the letter "F". The smaller the number, the less the "eye" closes. In other words, it opens wider and lets in more light. f/2 means a lot of light, and f/22 lets in less light. Take a look at the following table of equivalences:

Diaphragm openings.

What to do, for example, if we want to take a photograph totally static and freeze a person running? Then we will have to increase the shutter speed as much as possible (depending on the lighting) and open the aperture wide (to compensate for the light so that it does not come out dark). What if I want to make the photography is static but the sports person is blurred, giving the effect of movement? Then slow down the shutter speed, find a still place to rest the camera (so that the whole picture is not blurred) and increase the number of the diaphragm, so that the image does not "burn" (i.e. does not come out all white, due to excess luminosity).

As you can see, it is a matter of playing with these two elements: shutter speed and aperture. These are the two most basic aspects of a reflex camera to start learning how to use it. And above all, try, try, try and try. Take advantage of the fact that digital cameras allow you to taking photographs and just as easily lets you delete them.

Camera optics.

Now all that's left to do is grab the camera and shoot!

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