Special: How to grow organic at home (part 1)

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What is the difference between the organic farming of a crop normal? The main thing is that no chemicals or toxic treatments are used that alter the normal development of the plants and vegetables. This means that the food is healthier and tastier. But a organic farming is much more than that, it is a philosophy of life: it means knowing where food comes from, the effort needed to obtain it and learning to respect the growth rhythms of plants. Although it sounds very idealistic, it means rediscovering the contact between human beings and nature that has been lost in modern times.

A organic farming does not have to mean less abundant harvests and "uglier" vegetables. Many chemical products sell "a thousand wonders" but then fail to explain how harmful they are to health, often in the long term, two or three generations from now. Do we want to leave such a legacy to our grandchildren?

To make a organic home cultivation successfully, we must take into account four fundamental factors. It is important to take them into account, otherwise the plants will never grow or they will be too small or defective and our efforts will have been for nothing, except to learn a lesson from nature ;-):

Land. How is it (soft or hard), what are our needs cultivos (nitrogen/carbon balance) and adequate organic matter, related to the manure and compost we provide (see the following link to an article we wrote on how to make compost).

Station. It is very important to plant when it is in season. If you plant at another time, the plants will freeze or die of heat. The best season is spring, although there are some types of cultivos which prefer cold or warm weather (e.g. broad beans are planted in November). The most suitable temperature for general cultivation is around 25 to 30 degrees.

The lightDo you remember the concept of photosynthesis from school textbooks? For plants, light is like water for people: essential. However, some crops prefer shady areas and indirect sunlight.

Water. It varies according to the crop and is the source of life for all plants. Vegetables that are more rooted (e.g. carrots) can withstand the lack of water better than those that have a shallower growth (e.g. lettuce or tomatoes).

A practical example

Theory is fundamental. In the matter of cultivos (I have experience of "failures" with crops due to not having respected their characteristics). Now we are going to grow something simple, to get some practice and motivate ourselves to see that our efforts have not been in vain.

If you have a small piece of land in the courtyard, even if it is very small, let's plant broad beans (I haven't tried it in a pot, although you can try it because it doesn't take root too much, but with a relatively large one, it's better to have more than enough).

It is a good time now that the cold weather is arriving, as it can withstand temperatures as low as -4º C. In addition, it can tolerate mediocre soils, making it ideal for beginners. You simply need to plant raw broad beans at a depth of 4 or 5 cm. As far as care is concerned, try to remove weeds from the surrounding area and watch out for aphids. Due to the season, rainfall is usually sufficient for watering, but if the soil is dry, give it a little water. As the fruit (i.e. the broad beans) come out on the surface, you can try to grow them on the ground. pot cultivation.

I leave you a photo of specimens of my modest harvest :-).

Crop vegetables.

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7 thoughts on “Especial: Cómo hacer un cultivo ecológico casero (parte 1)”

  1. hello everybody, I would like to tell you that here in my village, in cadalso de los vidrios, when we grow vegetables we only use horse and sheep manure,
    And when you eat a tomato, a pepper, a potato etc... it has nothing to do with what they sell in the greengrocer's, and I can tell you that at harvest time you can find people selling vegetables on every corner of the village, even cheaper than in the shop, and they are home-grown.
    I invite you if you can come from June onwards to check it out and you will notice the difference.

    Greetings to all

    1. Raquel Andres

      Hi Juanlu, I'm sure you can tell a lot of difference. I especially like tomatoes, and supermarket tomatoes are water + water!
      It is very fortunate that you have such healthy food at your fingertips, because food is the mainstay of our existence, and what gives us our health. Fortunately, there are still villages in Spain where food is grown the old-fashioned way. This also happens with dairy products, which have nothing to do with the natural ones from the village with the "Danone", no matter how much brand they have.
      Best regards 😉

    1. Raquel Andres

      Yes, it is not the most common, but it is not as difficult as it seems (at least in Spain, where there are usually some organic shops in the cities or nearby cooperatives to contact directly). The biggest problem for the average citizen is still the price. If we compare the price of a cheap carton of milk with a carton of milk from organic farming, things change a lot.

      It all depends on what each person values most. In any case, the way things are going and although there is more and more ecological awareness, it seems that we will have to wait until these "lean times" pass 🙂

  2. The Teleoperator

    First you say:

    "What makes organic farming different from normal farming? The main thing is that no chemicals are used".

    And then:

    "The soil. How is it (soft or hard), what needs do our crops have (balance between nitrogen and carbon)".

    Are nitrogen and carbon not "chemicals"? Are manure and compost not "chemicals"?

    1. Raquel Andres

      Hello The Telemarketer.

      When I say that no "chemicals" are used in organic farming, I mean no artificial chemicals, but of course, we use the natural ones, those found in the soil itself. In other words, we do not use "additives" such as fertilisers.

      Manure and compost in organic cultivation are chemical, of course, but again using the natural components of the material. For organic cultivation, the ideal is to make your own compost.

      I hope I have solved your doubts 🙂

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