Special: How to grow organic crops at home (on the ground, part 3)

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Today we will talk about the land cultivationhowever modest they may be in length. We are aiming at beginners, so we will suggest simple crops with a high probability of success if basic and easy steps are followed.

Field cultivation.

The good thing about cultivating on a piece of land is that, in principle, we have no depth limitations, as is the case with pots. So we can plant vegetables that take root more deeply. Of course, as plants are not "supermen" who sweep away everything, we have to make it easier for them to grow by softening the soil beforehand: we have to turn it with a hoe, aerate it and thus make it softer. The deeper we dig, the better, because the more freedom the plants will have to grow. cultivos (without going overboard, we are not going to do underground engineering works).

What tools do you need?

To farm at an amateur level, there is no need for complex tools. Machines often automate and ease the physical effort, but they are only necessary on large fields for professional farmers. For us, it will be enough:

- A hoe.

- A bucket.

- A watering can (or other irrigation system).

Hoe.

Padding

Before moving on to the cultivos Let's talk a little bit about mulching. What is mulching? In a nutshell, it is plant protection. It is the layer that protects the crop from the direct heat of the sun, from the cold and from heavy rains, slowing down erosion. It also maintains the humidity of the soil. We can make nutrient-rich mulches for the soil with a thin layer of grass, manure or organic waste. Although straw is not very nourishing, it is ideal for protecting the soil, so it is also a good alternative. Even stones can be used as mulch. The important thing about mulch is that it allows water and air to pass through. When it decomposes, it is advisable to replace it so that the soil does not become bare again.

Note the quilting in the photograph:

Quilted in broad beans.

Crops for beginners

My personal experience tells me that the easiest vegetables to grow are potatoes, garlic, radishes and carrots. I have prepared a table with the basics:

Potato Garlic Radishes Carrot
Epoch Spring, although you can also plant in autumn (beware of winter frosts). Practically all year round (does not freeze). Spring and autumn. Spring (if planted now in autumn they will be soft).
Seeds One potato with tubers (store them until they are "overdone"). One tooth (at 2 or 3 cm). In specialised shops. In specialised shops.
Advice Remove weeds, they are very damaging. Water very little, practically not at all. Bend the stalk without breaking it when it starts to dry out to fatten the garlic. Wait until the stalk dries for harvesting (yellow or brown). Harvest when the leaves are large. If left too long they will spoil. Regularly. As root vegetables, it is advisable to plant the seeds in heaps so that the water penetrates well.

However, I recommend that you try and try. If you are in the world of cultivation As a hobby, with no accountability obligations and no need for a certain productivity, it is exciting to plant different seeds and see the results. The cultivation It's like the world of cooking: you learn the most by trying new things. Just think that almost all fruits and vegetables have seeds that you can try to plant.

As you can see, you can get potatoes of this size at the beginning - this is how you learn!

Mini-potatoes.

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